Dual diagnosis rehab offers a combined treatment for mental disturbances or instabilities along with the addiction treatment. These treatments are charted out for every individual separately. It is believed that not two individuals are alike and the situations they face can also not be similar to each other. read more Jock itch is a fungal skin infection caused by a Trichophyton rubrum. This fungus mainly affects skin of genitals, inner thighs, & groin areas. Although it does not necessary mean a serious infection, it can bring discomfort and may not lead to worse skin infection. read more The word "hammer" typically connotes the traditional claw hammer with a metal head and wooden handle. Sold in hardware stores everywhere, the claw head hammer can be used for jewelry but is more suited to the utilitarian task of pounding nails into boards or walls. Metalworker Candie Cooper, author of "Metalworking 101 for Beaders" says that - in a jewelry studio - a claw head hammer is often used for striking the ends of cast-iron design or letter punches. A more common hammer for jewelry making is the chasing hammer. With this hammer, you can apply texture and surface designs. The second condition is when your first metatarsal bone is not as stable as it should be, and as a result, it. has too much motion. Because of this excess motion, it can cause pains all over your body. This abnormal motion of the first metatarsal bone is known as "Hypermobility of the First Metatarsal Bone." Sit on a chair, feet firmly on the ground. Keep the big toe on the ground, and lift the remaining toes up in the air, holding them there for 10 seconds. Now repeat with your big toe in the air and the remaining four toes on the ground. Do this alternate set 20 times. One day you start to notice that your toes hurt. You don’t know why. Maybe the shoes are too tight, don’t fit right or the heel is too high. Or, if you participate in a high impact or running sport, your toes may be pushed and jammed to the front of your shoe, but whatever it is, you continue to ignore the pain and you keep running. No matter what you do—stretching, pulling on your toes, not wearing shoes—your toes still hurt! You may be on your way to permanently damaging your toes. You may be developing a “hammertoe”! Tight shoes are the most common cause of these toe problems. Wearing tight shoes can cause the toe muscles to get out of balance. Two muscles work together to straighten and bend the toes. If a shoe forces a toe to stay in a bent position for too long, the muscles tighten and the tendons shorten, or contract. This makes it harder to straighten the toe. Over time, the toe muscles can't straighten the toe, even when you aren't wearing shoes. Rub against your footwear. You may get calluses or corns where a bent toe presses against another toe or your shoe or where the toe's tip touches the ground. Bruce told me that he previously had surgery on his good foot but needed a surgery on his stroked foot. He said that the doctors wanted to break two toes and put them back "in the proper way." He wasn't able to have the surgery because he would need to stay off the foot for up to six weeks. For able-bodied people, this would mean the use of crutches or a walker. For Bruce, this was very nearly out of the question. One arm and hand along with one leg and foot were unable to function properly under the best of circumstances. Osteoarthritis is a condition in which there is a degenerative breakdown of the cartilage in the foot, which causes bone to rub against bone. Rheumatoid arthritis is another form, and causes the joints of the toe to be destroyed by the immune system. The most common symptoms are pain and swelling. Gout usually manifests in the first joint of the big toe and causes the toe to become tender to touch, hot, swollen, and painful. Gout is caused by uric acid in the bloodstream that the body is incapable of processing. The uric acid buildup results in a crystallization of the acid in tissues and joints.